What is Wormwood
What is wormwood the herb? Wormwood is a sub shrub perennial and is one of the oldest known remedies for worms. It has been highly valued since ancient times and is mentioned in the Bible 10 times. Wormwood has many medicinal properties and uses. The bitter leaves are important in absinthe, spirits, wines, vermouth, and other liqueurs. Wormwood has a great ability for stimulating the appetite and improving digestion. The herb grows from 12-72 inches (30-180 cm) in height. Despite it’s bitterness the leaves can be used to make tea. Just be sure to use only a few fresh leaves or it can get quite bitter! Canadian shoppers can purchase wormwood seeds here.
Wormwood is a powerful tonic. Some of it’s uses are as an antiseptic, antidiuretic, antipyretic and it may help regulate menstruation. It is also used to treat stomach, intestinal, liver and kidney problems. The plant is rich in essential oils namely thujone, and absinthol. Wormwood is also used as an insect repellent. It can repel various pests such as insect larvae, moths and fleas. Wormwood is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa. It can tolerate dry conditions. Although it tolerates partial shade it will do much better when grown in full sun. Wormwood loves nitrogen rich soil.
How to Grow Wormwood
Wormwood will grow in full sun to partial shade. It is hardy in zones 3-9. Prefers rich, moist, well draining soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7. Water the soil thoroughly and then surface sow the seeds. For best germination results grow indoors in sterilized soil. Once the seedlings have at least two sets of leaves they can be transplanted outside after the last risk of frost.
Other names wormwood is known as: Absinthe wormwood, common wormwood, green ginger, or grand wormwood.